Facebook icon Diabetes Dictionary | NSW | Australia

Subscribe to our monthly enews

Proudly supported by Diabetes NSW & ACT and Diabetes Queensland.


This quick reference is your comprehensive lookup of diabetes terms and their meanings.

a | b | c | d | e | f | g | h | i | k | l | m | n | o | p | r | s | t | u
Reset list
Pancreas -  The pancreas is a glandular organ that lies just behind the stomach, next to the liver. It produces digestive enzymes used to break down proteins in food. It contains alpha cells, which produce glucagon, and beta cells, which produce insulin.
Peak action -  The time period when the effect of something is as strong as it can be such as when insulin in having the most effect on lowering the glucose (sugar) in the blood.
Polydipsia -  - A great thirst that lasts for long periods of time; a sign of diabetes.
Polyphagia -  Great hunger; a sign of diabetes. People with this great hunger often lose weight.
Polyuria -  Having to urinate often; a common sign of diabetes.
Post prandial blood glucose -  Blood taken 1-2 hours after eating to see the amount of glucose (sugar) in the blood.
Prime -  The prime allows you to purge air from the newly connected infusion set tubing by pumping insulin through the tubing until it comes out the other end. If wearing a non-disconnectable set you should never prime after the needle is inserted under the skin. If wearing a dis-connectable set, you must always disconnect before priming the pump.
Protein -  One of the three main classes of food. Proteins are made of amino acids, which are called the building blocks of the cells. The cells need proteins to grow and to mend themselves. Protein is found in many foods such as meat, fish, poultry, and eggs. See also: carbohydrate; fats.