There are different types of diabetes. The main types are type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes and Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults.

Type 1 diabetes can not be prevented, is it an auto-immune condition. This type of diabetes usually occurs in childhood or young adulthood, although it can occur at any age.

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the pancreas is not producing enough insulin or the insulin is not working effectively. Type 2 diabetes represents 85 -90% of all cases of diabetes. Risk factors include family history, ethnic background and age however lifestyle factors can also contribute to developing type 2 diabetes. Here are some tips to help you reduce your risk.

  • Check your risk factors. You can do this by taking the Aus D risk assessment.
  • Reduce your weight.
  • Eat a well balanced diet.
  • Quit smoking.

Gestational diabetes (GDM) occurs during pregnancy. Affects between 10 and 20 per cent of Australian women during pregnancy. It is important to remember that the majority of women with gestational diabetes have a healthy pregnancy, normal delivery and a healthy baby. While there is no one reason that gestational diabetes occurs and risk factors include being over 25, a family history of type 2 diabetes and ethnic background. You can reduce your risks being eating a healthy well balanced diet and participating in regular physical activity.

Type 1.5 diabetes is a non-official term that is sometimes used to refer to a form of type 1 diabetes known as Latent Autoimmune Diabetes in Adults (LADA). The term type 1.5 refers to the fact that the condition is a form of type 1 diabetes that can share some features that are more commonly associated with type 2 diabetes. Type 1.5 diabetes is diagnosed during adulthood as are most cases of type 2 diabetes. Type 1.5 diabetes also has a slow onset, similar to type 2 diabetes. However, type 1.5 diabetes is an autoimmune disease like type 1 diabetes and will almost certainly require insulin therapy at some point in the future.

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